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Institute of Aquaculture: About: People: Herve Migaud

Herve Migaud

Dr Herve Migaud

T: +44 [0]1786 467886
E: hm7 at stir dot ac dot uk

Reader and Director of Research

I am leading the reproduction team currently composed of two postdoctoral fellows (Drs Andrew Davie and John Taylor), six PhD students and MSc/BSc students.

My main research interests are in environmental, endocrinological and molecular control of puberty in fish, the photoperiodism network (particularly melatonin and the circadian axis), chronobiology systems (particularly clock systems) and genetic manipulation for sterility in a range of temperate and tropical teleost species.

My research performed over the last 5 years has led to 34 papers published in International peer-reviewed journals (4 more currently in review), 15 articles published in trade journals and over 45 communications at International conferences.

I teach on the joint MSc Aquaculture/Aquatic Pathobiology/Aquatic Veterinary Studies core course AQUPF4 on “Broodstock Management and Genetics” (lectures on Reproductive strategies, endocrinology, gametogenesis, hormonal therapies, environmental reproductive management and light perception, and practicals), AQUPF6 “Study tour - Aquaculture in practice” (module coordinator with lectures, visits and practicals) and the MSc Aquaculture advanced course (Genetics and Reproduction workshop), and supervise MSc projects (11 between 2005-2009).

Selected recent papers (2007 impact factor)

Migaud H., Fontaine P., Kestemont P., Wang N., Brun-Bellut J., 2004. Influence of photoperiod on the onset of gonadogenesis in Eurasian perch Perca fluviatilis. Aquaculture 241, 531-574. (1.735)

Taylor, J.F., Migaud, H., Davies, M., Yonge, N., Porter, M.J.R. & Bromage, N.R., 2005. Photoperiod influences growth rate and insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) levels in juvenile rainbow trout. General and Comparative Endocrinology 142 (1-2), 169-185. (2.562)

Migaud H., Wang N., Gardeur J.N., Fontaine P., 2005. Influence of photoperiod on reproductive performances in Eurasian perch Perca fluviatilis. Aquaculture 252, 385-393. (1.735)

Taranger G.L., Kristoffersen C., Karlsen O., Migaud H., Hansen T., Schultz RW. 2005, Photoperiod control of puberty in Atlantic cod. Reproduction in Domestic Animals 40, 336-337. (1.297)

North B.P., Turnbull J. F., Ellis T., Porter M. J., Migaud H., Bron J., Bromage N. R., 2006. Assessing fish welfare: The impact of stocking density on rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Aquaculture 255, 466-479. (1.735)

Taylor, J.F., Davies, M., Yonge, N., Porter, M.J.R., Bromage, N.R & Migaud, H., 2006. Photoperiod can be used to enhance growth rate and improve feeding efficiency in commercially farmed rainbow trout. Aquaculture 256, 216-234. (1.735)

Migaud H, Taranger G.L., Taylor J., Davie A., Bromage N.R., 2006. Pineal gland sensitivity to light intensity in salmon (Salmo salar) and sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax): an in vivo and ex vivo study. Journal of Pineal Research 41, 42-52. (4.098)

Davie A., Porter M., Bromage N., & Migaud H. (2007). The role of seasonally altering photoperiod in regulating physiology in Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua). Part I. Sexual maturation. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 64 (1), 84-97. (2.058)

Davie A., Porter M., Bromage N., & Migaud H. (2007). The role of seasonally altering photoperiod in regulating physiology in Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua). Part II. Somatic growth. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 64 (1), 98-112. (2.058)

Fletcher, Robert C.Jr., Roy, William; Davie, Andrew; Taylor, John; Robertson Derek, Migaud, Herve, 2007. Evaluation of new microparticulate diets for early weaning of Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua): Implications on larval performances and tank hygiene. Aquaculture 263, 35-51. (1.735)

Taylor J., Needham M., North B., Morgan A.L., Thompson K., Migaud H., 2007. The Influence of Ploidy on saltwater adaptation, Acute Stress Response and Immune Function Following seawater Transfer in Rainbow Trout. General and Comparative Endocrinology1 152, 314-325. (2.562)

Davie A., Mazorra C., Bromage N., Treasurer J. & Migaud H, 2007. Inhibition of sexual maturation in tank reared haddock (Melanogrammus aeglefinus) through the use of constant light photoperiods Aquaculture 270, 379-389. (1.735)

Taylor J.F., Porter M.J.R., Bromage N.R. and Migaud H., 2007. The relationship between photoperiod, growth and insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) and female rainbow trout reproduction. General and Comparative Endocrinology 155, 257-270. (2.562)

Migaud Herve, Mairi Cowan, John Taylor, Andrew Davie, Hugh Ferguson, 2007. The effect of spectral composition and light intensity on melatonin, stress and retinal damage in post-smolt Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar. Aquaculture 270, 390-404. (1.735)

Migaud H., Davie A., Martinez Chavez C.C., Al-Khamees S., 2007. Evidence for differential photic regulation of pineal melatonin synthesis in teleosts. Journal of Pineal Research 43 (4), 327–335. (4.098)

Martinez-Chavez Carlos C., Minghetti Matteo, Parke Deborah, Migaud Herve 2008, Kisspeptin in Nile tilapia O. niloticus: receptor expression during the onset of puberty and effects of constant illumination International Journal of Ichthyology, CYBIUM 32 (2), 8th ISRPF supplement, 40. (0.54)

Davie A., Mazzora, C.M., Treasurer J. & Migaud H., (2008). Photoperiod regulation of sexual maturation and growth in Haddock (Melanogrammus aeglefinus). International Journal of Ichthyology, CYBIUM 32 (2), 8th ISRPF supplement, 326. (0.54)

Migaud H, Davie A., Taranger G.L., Taylor J., Martinez Chavez, C., & Carrilo M., (2008) Diversity of circadian organisation and light sensitivities among teleosts species. International Journal of Ichthyology, CYBIUM 32 (2), 8th ISRPF supplement, 37. (0.54)

Martinez-Chavez Carlos C., Al-Khamees S., Campos-Mendoza A., Migaud H., 2008. Clock Controlled Endogenous Melatonin Rhythms in Nile Tilapia (O. niloticus niloticus)and African Catfish (C. gariepinus). Chronobiology International 25:1, 31 – 49. (3.77)

Martinez-Chavez C.C., Minghetti M., Migaud H., 2008. GPR54 and rGnRH I gene expression during the onset of puberty in Nile tilapia. General and Comparative endocrinology 156 224–233. (2.562)

Morgan A.L., Porter M.J.R., Migaud H., Thompson K.D., 2008. The effects of seasonality on the immune response of rainbow trout. Fish & Shellfish Immunology 25, 791-799. (3.16)

Davie A. Minghetti M., Migaud H., 2009. Clock gene expression in Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar. Chronobiology International (in press). (3.77)

Martinez-Chavez C.C., Migaud H., 2009. Confirmation that Nile tilapia eyes are required for night time plasma melatonin. Brain Research (in press). (2.218)

Vera, L.M., Cairns, L., Sánchez-Vázquez, F.J., Migaud, H., 2009. Circadian rhythms of locomotor activity in the Nile tilapia Oreochromis niloticus. Chronobiology International (in press). (3.77)

Falcon J., Migaud H., Munoz-Cuento, Carrillo M., 2009. Review of the pineal gland in fish. Special issue Reprofish, General and Comparative Endocrinology (in press). (2.562)

Taylor J.F., Migaud, H., 2009. Timing and duration of exposure to constant light affects rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) growth during winter grow-out. Aquaculture Research (in press). (1.067)

Vera, L.M., Migaud, H., 2009. Continuous high light intensity can induce retinal degeneration in Atlantic salmon, Atlantic cod and European sea bass. Aquaculture 296, 150-158. (1.925)

Vera L., Davie A., Taylor J., Migaud H., 2010. Differential light intensity and spectral sensitivities of salmon, sea bass and cod pineal glands ex vivo. General and Comparative Endocrinology 165, 25-33. (2.73)

Falcon J., Migaud H., Munoz-Cuento, Carrillo M., 2010. Current knowledge on the melatonin system in teleost fish. Special issue Reprofish, General and Comparative Endocrinology 165, 469-482. (2.73)

Migaud H., Davie A., Taylor J.F.T., 2010. Current knowledge on the photoneuroendocrine regulation of reproduction in temperate fish species. Journal of Fish Biology 76, 27-68. (1.226)

Leclercq E., Taylor J., Migaud H., 2010. Body Size Dimorphism of sea-reared Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.): implication for the management of sexual maturation and harvest quality. Aquaculture 301, 47-56. (1.925)

Leclercq E., Migaud H., 2010. Review on morphological skin colour changes in teleosts. Fish and Fisheries 11, 159-193. (4.489)

Leclercq E., Dick J., Taylor J., Bell G. and Migaud H., 2010. Flesh quality, pigment composition and post-mortem reconditioning of non-silver immature Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 58, 7036-7045. (2.469)

Eric Leclercq, Hervé Migaud, John F. Taylor & Dougie Hunter, 2010. The use of continuous light to suppress sexual maturation in sea-reared Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) can be reduced to a four month window. Aquaculture Research 41, e709-e714. (1.099)

Povoa I., Migaud H., Davie A., Treasurer J., 2011. Broodstock spawning, egg production and larvae development in whiting, Merlangius merlangus. Aquaculture Research 42 (3), 386-398. (1.099)

Leclercq, E., Taylor, J.F., Fison D., Fjelldal P.G., Diez-Padrisa M., Hansen T. and Migaud, H. 2011. Comparative seawater performance and deformity prevalence in out-of-season diploid and triploid Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) post-smolts. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A. 158, 116-125. (2.196)

Leclercq, E., Taylor, J.F., Sprague, M. and Migaud, H., 2011. The potential of alternative lighting-systems to suppress pre-harvest sexual maturation of 1+ Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) post-smolts reared in commercial sea cages. Aquaculture Engineering 44 (2), 35-47. (0.901)

Cowan Mairi, Davie Andrew, Migaud Herve. 2011. The effect of metal halide and novel green cathode light on the welfare of Atlantic cod, Gadus morhua L. Aquaculture Research 42, 115-124. (1.099)

Villamizar, N., Migaud H., Davie, A., Treasurer J., Blanco-Vives, B. and Sánchez-Vázquez, F.J. 2011. Effects of light during early larval development of some aquacultured teleosts: A review. Special Issue of Aquaculture 315, 86-94. (1.925)

Taylor, J.F., Preston, A.C., Leclerq, E., Guy, D., Hunter, D. and Migaud, H., 2011 Parr-smolt transformation in out-of-season triploid Atlantic salmon. Special Issue of Aquaculture. (In press, d oi:10.1016/j.aquaculture.2010.12.028). (1.925)

Davie A., Sanchez J.A., Vera L.M, Sanchez-Vazquez J., H. Migaud, 2011. Ontogeny of clock mechanisms during embryogenesis in Rainbow trout (Onchorhynkiss mykiss). Chronobiology International 28(3), 177-186. (3.987)

Taylor, J.F., Preston, A.C., Guy, D., Hunter, D. and Migaud, H., 2011. Ploidy effects on hatchery survival, deformities, and deformities in Atlantic salmon. Special Issue of Aquaculture. (In press, doi:10.1016/j.aquaculture.2010.11.029, available online since 26 November 2010). (1.925)

- Trade journals

Migaud H., Davie A., Taylor J., North B., Sprague M., 2004. New species - new lighting techniques. Fish Farming International, May 2004.

Davie A., Migaud H., Porter M., Bromage N.., 2004. Improving growth potential by controlling maturation during ongrowing in marine finish. Seafish Journal.

Davie A., Migaud, H. Mazorra C., Porter M.J.R., Treasurer J. & Bromage N.R., 2005. Photoperiod control of maturation and growth in Gadoids: An essential tool for commercial culture. Fish farming Today, September 2004.

Migaud H., Davie A., Taylor J., Sprague M., 2006. Shining the light on salmon: Part 1. Current knowledge. Skretting Outlook Journal. No. 25 – Summer 2006.

Migaud H., Davie A., Taylor J., Sprague M., 2006. Shining the light on salmon: Part 2. New concepts and developments. Skretting Outlook Journal. No. 26 – Winter 2006.

Migaud, H., 2006. Fish Reproduction in Aquaculture. In: Aquaculture Compendium, CAB International, Wallingford, UK (http://www.cabi.org/compendia/ac/index.asp).

Davie A. and Migaud H., 2007. A bright future for gadoid farming. Fish Farmer Nov/Dec 2007, pp. 31-33.

Taylor J., Migaud H., 2007 Shining The Light On Trout: Where we are now? Trout news.

Migaud H., 2008. Stock management strategies in fish, Fish Update, March 2008.

Migaud H., Taylor J., Hansen T., 2008. Sterile salmon: toward a more sustainable and eco-friendly industry. Fish farmer October 2008.

Taylor J., Migaud H., Fjelldal P.G. & Hansen T., 2011. Sterile Salmon: A potential means of reproductive containment. Fish Farmer March 2011.

Selected recent invited lectures

- First Latin American Conference on Aquaculture of Native Fishes and Third Mexican Conference on Aquaculture of Native Fishes on “Shining the light on fish aquaculture: Current knowledge, new concepts and further developments”, Morelia, Mexico (18-20 October 2006).

- The British Marine Finfish Association Conference (BMFA) on “Research and development of stock management strategies to optimise growth potential in ongrowing cod and halibut” in 2004 (Oban, 2-3rd November) and 2007 (Inveraray, 14-15th November).

- 15th Annual Northeast Farmed Fish Health Management Workshop in Maine, USA (24th March 2007).

- EU action “Reprofish” workshop during the EAS meeting in Krakov, Poland (15-18th September 2008).

- II Conferencia de Aqua Dulce in Chile organised by Skreting, Novartis and Landcatch on “Broodstock management: Best practices and new developments“ at the (12-14 November 2008).

- “Sustainable salmon - A technical seminar to enhance, examine and inform the sustainable development of salmon farming in Scotland” organised by the Scottish Salmon Producers Association (SSPO) on “Triploid salmon: Current knowledge, new concepts and further developments, organized by in Inverness (5th November 2008).

- SATS PÅ TORSK! (Go for Cod) conference on “Light perception in cod: implications for commercial on growing management” in Bergen , Norway (11. - 13. Feb. 2009).

- “Scottish Aquaculture - A Sustainable Future” conference organised by The Royal Society of Edinburgh and the Scottish Agriculture Research Forum on “Optimisation of on growing of marine finfish- a welfare perspective” in Edinburgh (21st - 22nd April 2009).

-International Workshop on smoltification. Out of season parr smolt transformation in triploid Atlantic salmon, September 20-24, 2009, Oregon State University, Oregon, United States.

MASTS Genomics theme workshop "Investigating the photoneuroendocrine system and entrainment of puberty in fish using molecular tools", Aberdeen, 30th March 2010.

EAS conference. Review on broodstock management & gamete quality in commercially important European species. LARVANET workshop, Porto, October 5-8 2010, Portugal.

Company of Biologists Worshops at the worshop on Fish Muscle Growth and Repair; Models Linking Biomedicine and Aquaculture. Wilton Park, Steyning, West Sussex, UK, 26-29th June 2011.

Salmotrip (EU Capacity, coordinator) on "Feasibility study of triploid salmon production": 986,000 euros (July 2008-December 2010). This project is in collaboration with partners from Norway, the Netherland, France and UK.Project Website

Genesis Faraday Spark award on "Kisspeptin in Atlantic cod: validation of qPCR assays and seasonal expression profiles": £5000 (April-September 2009)

Norvegian Research Council Grant (NRC, PI) on "Narrow bandwidth lighting technology in cod farming and effects on performance from early stages to adult fish": (January 2006-December 2009). This project is in collaboration with Norvegian (Institute for Marine Research, Fjord Marin AS and Intravison AS) and Scottish partners (University of Stirling). Total NRC contribution of approx. 6.6 M NOK.

CODLIGHT-TECH (EC CRAFT FP6, PI) on "Light Technology for Photoperiod Regulation in Cod Mariculture": Total EC contribution of 1,193,553 (equivalent to £819,573, £184,000 for Stirling)(June 2006-June 2009). This project is in collaboration with Norvegian (Institute for Marine Research, Fjord Marin AS and Intravison AS), Icelandic (Icelandic Fisheries Laboratories, Hradfrystihusid Gunnvör, VAKI) and Scottish partners (University of Stirling and No Catch, recently liquidated).Project Website

BBSRC Case award Grant with Marine Harvest UK, Aquatic Diagnostic Ltd. and other researcher from the Institute of Aquaculture on "Characterisation of false maturation and development of diagnostic tools in Atlantic salmon": 3 year studentship (2007-2010).

SARF grant on "Research and development of stock management strategies to optimise growth potential in ongrowing of marine fish": £95,000, £65,000 for Stirling (SARF 027, January 2007-January 2010).

SALMOTRIP (EC CAPACITY FP7, project, coordinator) on "Feasibility study of triploid salmon production": Total EC contribution of 986,000Euro (equivalent to £821,000, approx. £365,000 for Stirling)(July 2008-June 2011). This project is in collaboration with partners from Norway (Institute for Marine Research, AquaGen, Centre of Aquaculture Competence owned by Skretting, Marine Harvest and AKVAsmart), the Netherlands (Wageningen University), France (Saumon de France) and UK (Landcatch).

PROSPAWN (EC CAPACITY FP7, PI) on "Implementation of natural spawning for marine fish species in culture - Improving the quality of offspring and animal welfare": Total EC contribution of 1,212,500Euro (January 2010-June 2012). This project is in collaboration with 16 partners from six different European countries including RTDs in Norway (Akvaplan-Niva), Portugal (University of Algarve), Spain (Institute of Aquaculture of Torre de la Sal) and the Netherlands (Wageningen University) as well as numerous SMEs. A number of new emerging species for aquaculture will be investigated (soles, red mullet, black-spot sea bream, cod, hake).

LARVANET COST ACTION (EC FP7) "Critical success factors for fish larval production in European Aquaculture: a multidisciplinary network" (Oct 2008-Oct 2012). Member of the management committee.

SARF grant on "Implementation of all female production in the UK halibut farming industry: progeny testing of neomales": £55,645, £27,000 for Stirling (15th Feb 2010-15th April 2011)

CRONOSOLEA (Spanish Research Council, external collaborator) "Reproductive rhythms in Senegalese sole: neuroendocrine regulation and role of thermo- and photo-cycles during early development on their establishment and maturation". Act as an external collaborator (January 2011-December 2013).

AQUAEXCEL - AQUAculture infrastructures for EXCELlence in European fish research (Capacities-Research Infractuctures, FP7). Total EC contribution: 9.2M Euro, approx. £750,000 for Stirling (March 2011-March 2015). Contribution in Research WP and scientist visits to Stirling.

BBSRC Case award Grant with Marine Harvest UK on "Mechanisms underlying the impacts of triploidy on production traits in Atlantic salmon": 4 years studentship (2011-2015): £94,000.

SPARK award (Biosciences KTN) on "Development of new genotyping methodologies to identify halibut neomales"£5,000 (May-Oct 2011)

SPARK award (Biosciences KTN) on "Gender control in Wrasse": £5,000 (June-December 2011)


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